less*/*/*/

less*/*/*/
[les]
grammar word summary: Less can be: ■ a determiner: Schools put less emphasis on being creative. ■ a pronoun: Connie did less than anyone else. ♦ He seemed to spend less of his time with her. ■ an adverb: The red jacket is less expensive.
1) a smaller amount
Ant:
more
You should eat less and exercise more.[/ex]
The industry operates with less government control these days.[/ex]
The new Ford is designed to use less fuel than earlier models.[/ex]
I aim to spend less of my time travelling.[/ex]
I wish you'd do a bit less talking and a bit more work.[/ex]
2) to a smaller degree, or not as often
Ant:
more
We've been trying to use the telephone less this month.[/ex]
The homework was less difficult than I expected.[/ex]
My husband worries about things less than I do.[/ex]
We talk a lot less than we used to.[/ex]
less and less — gradually getting smaller in amount or degree[/ex]
Fishing was growing less and less profitable.[/ex]
the less...the less/more — used for saying that when a particular activity, feeling etc is reduced, it causes something else to change at the same time[/ex]
Sometimes it seems like the less I do, the more tired I feel.[/ex]
no less than — used before a number or amount for showing that it is large and surprising[/ex]
Exports have risen by no less than 80% in the last ten years.[/ex]
Both fewer and less can be used to refer to an amount that is smaller than another amount. ■ Use fewer before plural nouns: Fewer people turned up than expected. ■ Use less before uncountable nouns: You'll get a smoother finish if you use less paint. ■ In informal English, some people now use less rather than fewer before plural nouns, although many people think that this is not correct.

Dictionary for writing and speaking English. 2014.

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  • less — [les] adj. [ME les < OE læs, adv. læssa, adj. (used as compar. of lytel, LITTLE), akin to OFris les < IE * leis < base * lei , to diminish, meager, > LITTLE] 1. alt. compar. of LITTLE 2. not so much; smaller in size or amount [to… …   English World dictionary

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